The pediatrician and / or nurse treating your child will most likely do the following:

1. Measure your child’s height and weight , calculate his body mass index (BMI), and plot these measurements on growth charts .

2. Take blood pressure and check your child’s eyesight , if he is able to cooperate.

3. Ask you questions, resolve concerns, and give you advice on the following things related to your child:

Food. Growth slows and stabilizes during preschool. Even if your child is a bad eater, continue to offer a wide variety of healthy foods.

Urine and bowel movements. If your child has not yet shown that he is ready to use the toilet, inform the pediatrician. Also tell me if your child is constipated, has diarrhea or seems to “hold back stool or urine” or if he used to use the toilet but now has trouble controlling bowel movements again.

Dream. Children of this age usually sleep about 10 to 13 hours a day. Most still need to take a nap .

Development. Around the age of 3, it is common for many children to:

  • match three or more words to make short sentences
  • when speaking, make themselves understood most of the time
  • know how to pedal a tricycle
  • know how to jump forward
  • know how to copy a circle
  • dress and undress with little help
  • practice symbolic play (fiction or representation)
  • take turns while playing

4. Do a physical examination of your undressed child while you are present.

5. Update your shots. Vaccines protect children from important childhood illnesses, so it is critical that your child receives them on time. The vaccination programs may differ medical offices; therefore, ask your pediatrician about it.

6. Request evidence. The pediatrician may assess your child’s risk for anemia, high cholesterol, and / or tuberculosis and, if necessary, order the appropriate tests.

Looking to the future

Feeding

  1. During preschool, children should drink two cups (480 ml) of low- fat or low-fat milk (or the equivalent in low- fat dairy products ) a day. You can also give them  fortified milk substitutes like almond or soy milk.
  2. Limit juice consumption to no more than 4 ounces (120 ml) a day.
  3. Let your child decide when he is hungry or full. If your child chooses not to eat, offer a snack a little later.

Everyday care

  1. If your child stops napping after eating, make sure he has time to relax and calm down each day. In the absence of a nap, you may need to adjust the time your child goes to bed at night to make sure they get enough sleep.
  2. The nightmares and nighttime awakenings are common at this age. Establish a fixed and consistent bedtime routine. Avoid pictures or stories that could scare or upset your child, especially before he goes to sleep.
  3. Read to your child every day.
  4. Set reasonable and consistent rules and reinforce your child’s positive behaviors. Praise good behavior and channel unwanted behavior calmly.
  5. Don’t hit your child. Use the ” forced pause ” (penance) instead of slapping.

Security

  1. Have a safe play area and allow your child plenty of time for exploration and play , both symbolic and active.
  2. Make sure the facilities in the parks or recreational areas where your child plays are well maintained and appropriate for the age of your child. Surfaces must be soft to absorb falls (sand, rubber mats, or a dense layer of wood chips or crushed rubber).
  3. Always supervise your child around water or the street.
  4. Don’t let your child be a secondhand smoker , which increases the risk of lung and heart disease. Being a passive smoker of the vapor of electronic cigarettes is also harmful.
  5. If your child is still sitting facing the rear of the car , check the seat manufacturer’s height and weight limits. Place the chair facing forward when the child is the right size. Children should remain in the proper seat harness until they reach the required weight or height indicated by the manufacturer.
  6. Protect your child from gunshot wounds by avoiding storing gunshots in your home. Ammunition should be stored in a different place. Make sure children cannot access the keys.

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